Monday, January 27, 2014

Biography About Thomas More

doubting doubting doubting Thomas more(prenominal) His Live Thomas to a greater extent was born on February 7th 14 s fifty-fiftyty eight in Lon-don. He was the son of Sir john much, a famous attorney. When he was 7 eld previous(a) he went to the saint Anthonys School in Lon-don. During his y erupth he worked as a servant for the bishop of capital of the United Kingdom who maxim re eachy early that the boy was a genius. later on Thomas studied Latin and classical literature at the University of Ox-ford and began to write comedies. unitary of his first works was a transla-tion of the Latin biography of the italian humanist Pico della Mirandola. It was printed in fifteen clasp drug by a dutch publisher. precisely at this sentence greek had a painful reputation. People mind that it gave the newborn hands new and dangerous ways of kick the bucket offing. So, his arrest took Thomas from Oxford to London, where he studied law. after the studies he came to know Desid erius Erasmus from Rotterdam, who was counted as virtuoso of the nigh intelligent men at this period. For a few years Thomas much became a lawyer like his father, nonwithstanding he neer lost his interests for greek literature, and he read as numerous books as he could. After a few years when to a greater extent was 22 years old, he thought rough his future. Should he roost lawyer and follow his dad or should he hold up a monk? After a difficult time of considering, he decided to compute a monastery. He fasted either Friday and slept with a treetrunk as a pil-low. These habits stayed until the demolition of his life. But solitary(prenominal) 4 years later, he abuse expose because he trusted to help his mother expanse. And so, the 26 year old Thomas More was elected for the parliament. One year later, he espouse for the first time. In the equivalent year, the books he wrote a pitiful time before to clingher with Erasmus were printed in genus Paris for the fir st time. One of his first actions he did as ! a politician was to reduce the taxes(¦). The King of England, Henry 7th, was not rattling pleased by this and for re-venge he ordered that Thomas father be arrested and that Thomas must draw back from the governmental platform. fifteen nine, after the Henry 7th died, More began to be officious again. He became a Sheriff of London. There, he got the reputation of a near man who helps the poor people. During his third stay in England, in fifteen nine, Erasmus of Rotterdam wrote his book Encomium Moriae, in incline compliment for More. He dedicated it to Thomas More. But even if he was successful in politics, More had bad compvirtuosont in his private life. His wife died in fifteen eleven after 6 happy years of marriage. A suddenly time after, he unite a second time. In these years, his prestige by the new king, Henry 8th grew on more and more. But Thomas didnt like him an he didnt want to seduce anything to do with him. fifteen fifteen, More began to write his large-mi ndedgest and some famous book: Utopia. He finished it adept and a half year later, fifteen sixteen. I provide babble about this book later. In these years, his political successes continued. To thank him for each(prenominal) he had d wholeness for his demesne, Henry 8th awarded him with a knighthood, but neerless his sympathy for the king didnt grow. The effort for the aversion against the king was that Thomas More was a precise religious man who believed in the catholic authority. Henry 8th by comparison did what he treasured to do. He divorced his first wife and wanted to marry a second woman. This was evidently against the relig-ious comprehension of More and so it was a matter of time until it had to come to conflicts in the midst of these two men. It escalated for the first time when Henry 8th married for the second time. This was the ten satisfactoryness why Thomas More resigned from his line of work as a chancellor in the duchy Lancaster. He accepted this dut y a few years before. The reason for his resigning he! said were his health problems and that, because of these, he wouldnt be able to practice this duty. Ad-ditionally, he decided, not to att displace the marriage out of protest. But with this act, he signed his own death, because the king never forgave him this act. This was also the reason why Thomas More was point in fifteen thirty four to be one of the few persons who were suspected to work to quiverher with the famous conical buoy Of Kent. They were all accused of protesting against the brake of England from the catholic perform. But More was saved by the english lords. They refused to continue with the process as long as More was a defendant. The final escalation came one year later when the king proclaimed the Anglican church and himself to the leader. For More, this was an intolerable act. He refused to serve the king any further. That was the end: The king arrested More and, after a thrilling process, condemned him do death. Thomas More died on July 7th in the comparab le year be decapitation. His last words were: A plumb servant of the king, but gods first. Utopia Now I volition tell you something about his most famous book: Utopia. In Utopia, More describes a country far away from the overage world. It was an absolutely democratic country, were everybody was oppose. Uto-pia was a federal organised country with one central government. That means that in every gene people voted 3 representatives for their part of the country. Then, all this representatives voted together a senat with 100 deputies. These deputies decided about the politics in Utopia, for agent about the laws, or about war. If Utopia made war, people of Utopia didnt obligate to fight but Utopia bought soldiers from a neighbour country which was synthetic rubber of warriors who wanted to fight for money. Another fact in Utopia is that they held slaves. Slaves were fountain en-emy soldiers or people of Utopia who broke the law. In some wear out of the book y ou can see that More was a very religious man. One ex! ample is when he explained the laws and traditions in mar-riages. If anybody was married, it was almost undoable for him or her to divorce. The only chance to divorce was to go to the senat. There, the deputies decided if the couple could stay together or if it was unaccepted for the two to live together. If any couple divorced without the have of the senat, both were condemned to slavery. In his book, More has a few respectable allusions to the ancient British society and government, for example the agricultural reform. In Utopia, every farmer had fit land for farming, and everybody had to work equal working hours (?). My opinion of the book is that a lot of ideas ar very good, but final it would not work because Utopia is a very centrally organised country and I say if there is a centralist government with a risky authority the possibil-ity that the rulers would abuse their power is too big. If you want to get a full essay, orde r it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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